One of the techniques that are used to optimize a website is to combine all javascript files in one file and minify the code inside this file. The same process applies to CSS files, so all these kinds of files that are called assets of a website, have to be optimized for better user experience and SEO.

As ar result, a browser will make fewer calls for resource requests to the server and further combining and compressing javascript files will be significantly reduced in size. Immediately users could browse faster as page loading time will be minimized, this is important if you want to achieve better SEO results because page speed is a factor in ranking the same time uses will have a better user experience for those who browsing from mobile devices.

Combining javascript files

Closure Compiler for combining JS files

To combine multiple js files and compress them, there is a variety of tools. One of them is the Closure Compiler. It's written in Java, so it's a requirement to have Java installed in your development environment. You can find the compiler in https://developers.google.com/closure/compiler . For CSS compression you can use the yahoo compressor http://yui.github.io/yuicompressor, Of course, we can use these tools individually.

For example, to combine 2 js files can be done with the following command:

java -jar compiler.jar --js_output_file=all-files.js jquery.maskedinput.js jquery.jgrowl.js

Assets in Yii project

Let's see this process in the context of a yii2 project. Firstly in the project, we create a template by pressing the following command:

php yii asset/template assets.php

This will create a file in the root of the project which is the Configuration file for the asset command. After that, after you have to set correctly the directory path in @webroot and the URL in this file asset.php @web.

We assume that already have download the Closure Compiler, renamed to compiler.jar and put it in the same folder as the assets.php. Then we do the same with the Yahoo compiler. We rename it to yuicompressor.jar and place it in the same directory. Finally, we type:

yii asset assets.php config/assets-prod.php

The CSS and JS will be combined and compressed, and the new configuration will be created with name assets-prod.php in the directory config. Finally, in the web config/web.php we have to replace the bundles with the following command:

'bundles' => require(__DIR__.'/assets-prod.php')

technical optimization of speed of the website can be easy but in hard tasks alway can be done with the assistance of a freelance web developer uk as you see before this technique can be done easily in the last phase of yii developent based project.

Of course nowadays with the huge growth of javascript and the npm there are streamline building systems that you can install through NPM such as Gulp.js . This tool can automate the compression of your asset files and add more functions like tools to solve problems like the above the fold content. If you want to optimize a website task runner like Gulp is the modern way to go.

Delivering Asset Javascript and CSS files

Optimizing Delivery of Assets

after compressing the assets is very important to efficiently load the javascript to eliminate render-blocking. You can make this using with async and defer tags.

<script async src="/js/jquery.min.js"></script>

with  async the files are downloaded asynchronously and then in the first chance script is executed

<script defer src="/js/jquery.min.js" defer></script>

with defer, the documented is download asynchronously after DOM is fully parsed from the browser. I

Optimal Pagespeed

Combining and compressing the assets is a good way to optimize the speed and user experience of your website, as the mobile web becomes the norm, you should taking under consideration slow networks and optimal loading. This can be measured with Time To Interactive (TTI) which is the time until the page becomes interactive, this time can be reduced by using techniques like reduce javascript payloads with tree shaking or code splitting.

There a lot of way to implement code spliting very easily and without the need of complex tools like webpack. Just use the loadJS library a tiny script from filamentgroup with Intersection Observer API.

Conclusion

Optimizing your website by compressing and combining assets files like CSS files and javascript client side files, is an important to improve speed website and user experience when someone browsing from mobile phones and improving your SEO rankings. After you compress and optimize your assets do not forget to check the metrics before and after making a website speed test